What are NCDs?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is not caused by infectious agents (non-infectious or non-transmissible). NCDs can refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly.


Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are the leading cause of mortality in the world. This invisible epidemic is an under-appreciated cause of poverty and hinders the economic development of many countries. 

NCDs and Jamaica

  • NCDs are the leading cause of death in Jamaica accounting for 79% of all deaths. 

  • The number of individuals who suffer from a NCD continues to increase.

  • Jamaicans are physically inactive with women being more inactive than men.

  • Jamaicans have a high consumption of sugar- sweetened beverages.

  • Jamaicans are not meeting the daily recommendations for vegetable and fruit consumption.

  • NCDs not only affect the quality of life of individuals but have a high economic burden on the individual and their family. 

Assess your risk of developing an NCD by visiting a Ministry of Health clinic and getting screened 

See list of health clinics in Jamaica